ANSWERED ON: 02.01.2019
Vacancies in Higher Judiciary
Will the Minister of

LAW AND JUSTICEbe pleased to state:-

a) the total number of vacancies in the higher judiciary including those in the Supreme Court as well as High Courts, court-wise;
b) the steps being taken to fill these vacancies of judges in all the courts and the timeframe drawn for it;
c) whether it is also a fact that lower judiciary are highly understaffed if so, the steps taken in this regard;
d) whether there is any proposal to undertake a national level appointment to fill the vacant posts of judicial officers; and
e) if so, the reactions of various States in this regard and the progress made so far?


(a) : A statement showing the sanctioned strength, working strength and vacancies of Judges in the Supreme Court and the High Courts as on 28.12.2018 is at Annexure.
(b) : Filling up of vacancies in the Supreme Court and High Courts is a continuous and collaborative process between the Executive and Judiciary. It requires consultation and approval of various Constitutional Authorities. Initiation of proposal for appointment of Judge in the Supreme Court vests with the Chief Justice of India while initiation of proposal for appointment of Judges in High Courts vests with the Chief Justice of the concerned High Court. While every effort is made to fill up the existing vacancies expeditiously, vacancies of Judges of High Courts do keep on arising on account of retirement, resignation or elevation of Judges and also due to increase in strength of Judges.
Under the Constitutional framework, the selection and appointment of Judges in Subordinate Courts is the responsibility of the High Courts and State Governments concerned.
(c) to (e): As per information made available by the High Courts and respective State Governments, as on 30.09.2018 the sanctioned strength of Judicial Officers of District and Subordinate Courts is 22,644. The number of Judicial Officers in position and vacant posts is 17,509 and 5,135 respectively.

In September, 2016, the Union Minister of Law & Justice wrote to the Chief Ministers of States and the Chief Justices of High Courts to enhance the cadre strength of the District and Subordinate Courts and provide physical infrastructure to the State judiciary and the same was reiterated in May, 2017. In August, 2018, in the context of increasing pendency of cases, the Union Minister of Law & Justice wrote to all Chief Justices of High Courts to monitor the status of the vacancies regularly and to ensure proper coordination with the State Public Service Commission to fill up vacant posts as per time schedule prescribed by the Hon’ble Supreme Court in the Malik Mazhar Sultan case. 
In order to facilitate regular filling up of these vacancies in a smooth and time-bound manner, the Department of Justice vide its letter dated 28th April, 2017 suggested creation of a Central Selection Mechanism to the Hon’ble Supreme Court. The Hon’ble Supreme Court suo motu converted the Government’s suggestions into a writ petition on 09th May, 2017 and directed all State Governments (including Union Territories) to file their responses and suggestions by way of affidavits. The above matter is subjudice at present. 
The filling up of vacancies is also being monitored by the Supreme Court in a suo-motu Writ Petition (Civil) no. 2 of 2018. A series of meetings were held with Registrars General of all High Courts and Law Secretaries of all State Governments/ UTs through Video Conferencing in January, 2018, July, 2018 and November, 2018 as a follow up to fill up posts of Judicial Officers in District and Subordinate Courts. The Department of Justice has hosted a web-portal on its website for reporting and monitoring of sanctioned and working strength, and vacancies of Judicial Officers of District and Subordinate Courts on monthly basis.


Statement referred to in reply to part (a) of Lok Sabha Unstarred Question No. 3612 for 02.01.2019 regarding Vacancies in Higher Judiciary
(As on 28.12.2018)

Sl. No. Name of the Court Approved Strength Working Strength Vacancies
A Supreme Court of India 31 27 04
B High Court
1 Allahabad 160 109 51
2 Telangana & Andhra Pradesh 61 27 34
3 Bombay 94 71 23
4 Calcutta 72 37 35
5 Chhattisgarh 22 15 07
6 Delhi 60 39 21
7 Gauhati 24 19 05
8 Gujarat 52 28 24
9 Himachal Pradesh 13 08 05
10 Jammu & Kashmir 17 09 08
11 Jharkhand 25 19 06
12 Karnataka 62 33 29
13 Kerala 47 38 09
14 Madhya Pradesh 53 35 18
15 Madras 75 61 14
16 Manipur 05 03 02
17 Meghalaya 04 03 01
18 Orissa 27 14 13
19 Patna 53 28 25
20 Punjab& Haryana 85 55 30
21 Rajasthan 50 25 25
22 Sikkim 03 03 0
23 Tripura 04 03 01
24 Uttarakhand 11 09 02
Total 1079 691 388