Letters Patent to establish Bombay High Court

Letters Patent of 1865 to establish Bombay High Court

The original names of Bombay, Calcutta High Courts may soon be a part of the history. Answering to a question asked in the Lok Sabha, Union Minister of Law and Justice DV Sadananda Gowda in a written reply told the house that re-naming of these three High Courts are under consideration of the Government of India.

Minister told the house that the state governments of Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu and West Bengal have sent proposals to it for changing the name of ‘Bombay High Court’ to ‘Mumbai High Court’, ‘Madras High Court’ to Chennai High Court’ and ‘Calcutta High Court’ to ‘Kolkata High Court’ respectively.

He further said that a suitable legislation in the Parliament to consider such requests is under consideration of the Central Government.

These three High Courts were created by Queen Victoria of Great Britain during the British rule in India by Letters Patent in 1865. The Letters patents were issued by the Queen after the Parliament of the United Kingdom passed the Indian High Courts Act of 1861 (24 & 25 Vict. c. 104) and authorised the Crown to create High Courts in India.

The names of cities where these High Court have been established were changed from ‘Bombay’ to ‘Mumbai’, ‘Madras’ to ‘Chennai’ and ‘Calcutta’ to ‘Kolkata’ in 1995, 1996 and 2011 respectively. Since then several demands have been made by the locals for a change in names of these three High Courts.

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